Desert Rose 11 Growing Mistakes (The last one is the most important!)

8 Causes of leaves with dry and burnt tips

Desert Rose Growing Mistakes , They conquered the hearts of Brazilians, and every day, more and more collectors popped up in love from north to south of the country. Desert roses are really wonderful! Easy to grow, rustic and with abundant blooms, which with each new cultivar awaken the ardent desire of gardening lovers. But with so many new adepts to the desert rose hobby, many mistakes are also made that harm the plant’s health and flowering. But, from this article, you will be vaccinated against the main mistakes that beginners make, and you will be able to breathe easy that you are doing the best for your plants.

Desert roses (Adenium sp) are a national passion

1. Lack of sun

It is very common when purchasing a flowering desert rose to try to set it indoors. After all, we want to appreciate its flowers and it doesn’t look much like the plants in the garden. However, this is a serious mistake. The desert rose is a full sun plant, and it needs at least 4 hours of sun daily to grow well. Still, the ideal thing is that it receives sun all day for the most abundant blooms.

In large-scale commercial crops, nurseries often grow them under filtered light so they develop lots of foliage. So, when we take our seedlings home, it is important to make a gradual adaptation, so that the plants get used to the sun. Many will lose their juvenile leaves, which is a normal process as they need new leaves adapted to full sun conditions. So, don’t put your desert roses indoors, near a window, or in a cold, dark hallway. These light conditions are insufficient and will cause the plant to decline and weaken, which stops its growth and never blooms again.

2. Lack of water

Desert roses are indeed succulent, and for this reason, many people believe that they should be given little water. But what a lot of people don’t know is that even succulents get a lot of water. What varies with other plants is the frequency. While most plants prefer a regularly moist substrate, desert roses prefer their substrate to dry out between waterings. So, when watering your desert roses (and other succulents as well), make sure you get the right amount. Wet the substrate well, with plenty of water, so that it flows through the drainage holes. Watering done in this way allows the water to reach all parts of the substrate and also eliminates excess salts from the water itself and from the fertilizers, which tend to accumulate in the vase. Remember that desert roses store a lot of water in their plump caudex, and for that, they need to be well watered.

3. Excessive water

In the same way that the lack of water is common, the excess is also. This is usually the fault of those gardeners who are overzealous with their plants, who water their garden and plants daily for fear that they will dehydrate. But this innocent mistake can be fatal. If we don’t let the substrate dry out between waterings, our desert roses won’t bloom, and only leaf growth will be stimulated. Worse still, if the substrate remains constantly wet, we will be promoting the emergence of fungal and bacterial diseases, which cause the caudex to rot and can lead to the death of the plant. Note that excess water is more related to a very high frequency, which does not allow the plant to dry out between waterings, than to the amount of water used. Water your desert rose, but allow it to dry out between waterings. For this, if necessary, check the substrate, and not just superficially. Dig and see the deeper layers. If it’s still wet, wait a little longer.

4. Little or no fertilization

Many people do not believe in fertilization, and think that nature will bring everything the plant needs to live. But they forget that their plants are in pots, in a very different environment from what is natural for the plant. In their natural habitat, desert roses can sink their roots into the deeper layers of the soil and search for nutrients and water in a wide space. Nature actually provides, renewing nutrients with dry leaves, animal feces, and a host of organic wastes that can rot and go back into the soil. But in the restricted environment of the vase it is our role to feed the plants, add the nutrients they need from time to time, so that our plants grow healthy and bloom in abundance. So, remember to get good fertilizers and use a regular fertilizer schedule so that your plants never lack nutrients.

5. Excessive fertilization

Overzealousness can also come in the form of fertilizing. In the eagerness to see healthy and flowering plants, many beginning gardeners exaggerate the dose, and apply too much fertilizer. Sometimes they even make a real cocktail with several different types. But over-fertilizing can cause several problems. In addition to plants not being able to absorb all this load, the imbalance caused can attract pests and diseases. Excess nitrogen, a nutrient present in chemical and natural fertilizers, stimulates foliage growth, attracting aphids and reducing flowering, for example. Excessive organic fertilization, such as the indiscriminate use of manure and humus, can cause substrate degradation, which becomes pasty and loses its ability to drain. In addition, over-the-counter fertilizers also cause salinization of the substrate, as well as burns on leaves and roots, which can be fatal.

6. Wrong choice of substrate

Often, because we do not know the particularities of the species, we set up inappropriate substrates for our adeniums. And it is not uncommon to see plants being grown in excessively humus substrates, rich in organic matter, or worse, in clayey soil, taken from the backyard. While for other plants, these materials would have little influence, for our desert roses it can be fatal. They make drainage difficult and drown the plant’s roots, impairing its breathing. The result is a softened caudex, lack of growth and flowering. Always remember to use substrates suitable for desert roses, or, failing that, to mix materials that facilitate drainage and aeration of the roots. Materials such as crushed coal, sand, perlite, carbonized rice husk, coconut husk or composted pine are interesting options to have in the mix to improve the physical characteristics of the substrate. More substrate tips you can find in the e-book Cultivation Manual: Desert Rose, which you can purchase here.

7. Inadequate vessels

When planting our desert roses in pots, we must always think that these should be proportional to the size of the plants. Many people, hoping that the plants will grow soon, plant their seedlings and large pots. But this is a mistake, and the effect is the opposite. Keep the proportion. Because they are succulents, the ideal is for the substrate to dry quickly between waterings, draining excess water. Thus, the chosen pots should preferably be of the gourd type, shallower than deep, and with an adequate width to accommodate the growing caudex. They must be very well drilled, facilitating the drainage of water from irrigation.

8. Do not prune

Beginning gardeners are very wary of pruning their plants, and thus delaying the growth of their plants. Others defend the idea of ​​having plants as natural as possible, without pruning. However, pruning plays an important role in the development of desert roses. They encourage the thickening of the caudex, the development of more branches, and more abundant blooms. In addition, the pruned plant has a denser appearance, reminiscent of a small miniaturized baobab, which enhances the caudex. Plants without pruning, develop elongated and few branches, leaving the plant looking weak. They usually bloom in smaller numbers, with just a few flowers appearing at the tips of the long branches. Don’t be afraid to prune your desert roses, they gain in beauty and grace after proper pruning.

9. Prune at the wrong time

It is very common for beginners in the art of cultivation, excited about their new plants, to want to carry out all the managements at once and put what they have learned into practice. And in an attempt to bring more quality to his plants, he runs the risk of harming them. So, before pruning your plants, take into account the appropriate time for this management. If you live in the Midwest, North and Northeast, avoid the rainy season, which can lead to plant infections. Those who live in the south should avoid the winter when the plants are with their growth stopped. Never prune plants that are dormant and avoid pruning on the waning moon. Prefer the crescent or full moon, which stimulates the circulation of sap in the new shoots. It is also a good idea to wait for the end of flowering to start pruning work.

10. Do not replant

Like all potted plants, desert roses also need regular repotting. Don’t let 18 months go by without replanting. Better yet, mark the annual replanting of your plants on the calendar. Replanting not only renews the substrate, it is the ideal occasion for lifting the plant’s caudex. In addition, it is the occasion for a good inspection of the roots, which may be infested with mealybugs or other pests.

11. Do not inspect

The lover of desert roses can only consider himself that way when he regularly examines his plants. Buying expensive plants just for consumerism and exhibitionism doesn’t make a true gardener. Regularly examine your plants in detail. Tighten the caudex of each one looking for wilting and other problems. Buy a magnifying glass to examine the leaves and always be on the lookout. Checking for problems at the beginning is much better than when the problem has already been established. Pests such as mites and aphids most often start discreetly, as do blemishes and other problems. Checking at the beginning gives you the chance to turn the tables quickly, without big losses.

Good crops!

Desert Rose

Discover this complete guide to growing your desert roses and take it to the next level. Have the most flowering and beautiful plants you’ve ever seen. Techniques explained in detail.

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