Dental implants They are the best option for people who have lost one or more teeth since they look and feel like natural teeth. In addition, they are considered a definitive treatment, that is, they can last for many years and even a lifetime.
Implants vary according to different criteriaTherefore, we have classified them according to their type,
according to the material with which they are made and according to the technique of their placement.
Endosseous dental implants and subperiosteal dental implants
Two main types are generally considered: endosseous (osseointegrated) dental implants and subperiosteal (juxta-osseous) .
Endosseous or osseointegrated dental implants
Endosseous or osseointegrated implants are designed to be placed in the maxillary bones or in the mandible bone. These implants are attached to the bone through a process called osseointegration, which is a mechanical union through which bone cells adhere to the surface of the implant.
After 3 or 4 months after its placement, when the osseointegration has concluded, the prosthesis or crown is placed to give it the appearance of a tooth.
Osseointegrated implants are classified into: screw, cylindrical and lamellar dental implants.
Currently, screw are the most used since they offer the best results and are the most durable. Cylindrical and sheet implants can be said to have fallen into disuse.
Subperiosteal (juxta-osseous) dental implants
These types of implants consist of a metal framework that is placed in the jaw bone just below the gum tissue.. Therefore, they are shaped like the edge of the bone so that they can be properly fixed.
Juxta-osseous implants are used for patients who cannot wear conventional dentures and who have minimal bone height. These implants are falling into disuse since they are much larger and require more complex surgeries, so the patient’s recovery is slower and with greater complications.
What are the types of dental implants according to their material?
Zirconium is a white material of extreme hardness and resistance.
The zirconia implant is attached to the bone through biointegration, a faster and more intense type of union than the osseointegration of titanium implants.
However, despite its benefits, there are not many studies on its long-term use and duration. On the other hand, they are not recommended for immediate loading and are more expensive than titanium dental implants.
Titanium is the most traditionally used material.; It is a metal similar in color to steel, but lighter, easily moldable and extremely hard.
Titanium stands out for having excellent biocompatibilitywhich prevents rejection by the body, and for its ability to adhere to the bone in a process called osseointegration, which allows the implant to remain fixed and immovable, except in specific cases of failure, which only occur in 5% of cases. cases.
In addition, titanium has ideal mechanical characteristics to withstand the masticatory loads of implant prostheses.
The manufacture of titanium implants is based on decades of scientific studiesTherefore, it is considered the best dental implant today.
What are the types of dental implants based on their placement?
There is another way to classify the types . According to the placement of the replacement teeth, the implants can be:
in two phases
The first phase of implant placement is to introduce it and integrate it with the bone. The second phase takes place after 3 or 4 months when the crown or dental prosthesis is placed.
Another of the most popular types of dental implants are those with immediate loading. Between 24 and 48 hours after implant placement, a provisional prosthesis is placed.. This technique is designed for patients who have lost one or more teeth or who have suffered serious deterioration of them.
All-on-4 and All-on-6
In the case of patients who have suffered the total or partial loss of their dental pieces, these techniques simultaneously install a full arch of 4 or up to 6 implants. Both modalities offer multiple benefits, such as speed of treatment or comfort, since they require fewer interventions.
If you want more information about dental implants or other dental treatment, contact us through our different means of contact.