in dental implants
Dental implants are the best solution to replace teeth. They not only provide aesthetic benefits, but also functional ones, as they offer adequate and normal chewing.
In addition, the procedure is simple and painless thanks to local anesthesia.
However, many people have doubts about opting for this type of surgery for fear of implant rejection.
Rejection of dental implants is a misnomer, since the body does not reject the titanium in dental implants, as it could in the case of organ transplants.
Titanium is a biocompatible material with the body, so it does not cause allergies or rejection.Therefore, it is correct to speak of the failure of an implant.
Causes why dental implants fail
Failure of an implant can occur during different stages of the procedure.
In the first phase of treatment, in which the surgical intervention is performed to place the implant, we can find various causes.
– Bacterial infection during the intervention or the postoperative period (peri-implantitis).
– That the union of the implant to the bone (osseointegration) does not occur correctly.
– That the patient is a smoker. He smoking affects the healing process.
– That the procedure be performed on a patient with severe uncontrolled diabeteswho is under treatment with bisphosphonates or that you are receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
– A poor dental hygiene.
– That the tsurgical technique used is not correct or the one indicated for the characteristics of the patient.
– Use low quality implants that are not pure titanium.
In the second phase of treatment, when the implant has already joined the bone, the failure of an implant can be mainly due to 4 causes
– Bacterial infections such as peri-implantitis.
– Smoking and treatments with bisphosphonates, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy.
– implant overload. That the functional load applied to the implant exceeds the capacity of the bone to support it.
– poorly designed prostheses. That the prostheses that are placed on the implant have not been correctly designed.
What are the symptoms of implant rejection?
When an implant fails, there are several signs that alert us that something is wrong.
– The implant has mobility during the healing period.
– The person notices slight discomfort and pain when pressing the implant. It is normal to feel a slight discomfort in the postoperative period, but it disappears after a few days.
– Another symptom is having pain on impressions day. In this appointment, and once he sees that the implant has osseointegrated, the dentist scans the patient’s mouth so that the crown is designed to suit him.
Can implant rejection be avoided?
Although the possible causes of rejection of an implant are numerous, it is important to note that if it is of good quality and placed by a trained professional, the risk of failure is minimal, barely 2.5%.
The most advisable thing to avoid having complications with implants, and also with any other oral affliction, is to go to regular check-ups with the dentist, quit smoking or reduce tobacco consumption and maintain good oral hygiene.
However, if the implant were to fail, the problem has an easy solution: replace another implant and wait 3 or 4 months until it heals.
If you want more information about dental implants or other treatment, do not hesitate to contact us through our different forms of contact.