Cause and treatment of alveolitis

Sometimes, the extraction of a dental piece is the last resort in the face of an acute and painful condition that compromises the oral health of a patient.

Once this surgery is performed, all the dentist’s instructions must be followed. In that case, preventive care and prescribed treatment, because once a tooth is removed, there is a risk of complications.

One of the most frequent complications and that can be even more painful and complex than the diseased tooth, is the dry socket.

The cause and treatment of alveolitis consist, as regards the first, an infectious process that occurs in the tissue of the alveolus of the extracted tooth, which due to lack of attention and prophylactic treatment with antibiotics, becomes contaminated. While its treatment is done with this type of medication and can be quite complex.

What are the symptoms?

Once you have had a tooth extracted, the healing process must be progressive. This means that every day the tissue should heal and you should feel better.

If, on the contrary, it happens that once you have had dental surgery, after a few days you begin to feel intense pain in the extraction area, you should pay attention. It may be a symptom that something is not right.

Dry socket is a Infective process, inflammatory but not purulent. That is why the gum tissue does not ooze, but rather dries up around the alveolus and becomes inflamed without much pain.

In addition to pain and inflammation, you may have a bad taste and odor in your mouth. Even if the infectious process progresses, you may have a fever and notice inflammation of your nodes.

One of the most characteristic symptoms of dry socket is pain. Normally it starts the second day after the tooth extraction and even if you take painkillers the pain does not subside.

Treatment of dry socket

If the alveolitis is not treated quickly, the infection can continue to progress until it reaches the jaw bone, contaminating it and being the cause of bone tissue loss.

Alveolitis treatment should be initiated by your dentist who should perform a deep cleaning of the alveolus.

To do this you need to scrape the damaged tissue to remove it and cause deep bleeding. The intention of doing this is to look for a new blood clot to form that protects the wound and allows the tissue to heal.

If the infection has reached the bone tissue, the bone should also be scraped. This is done until the necrotic bone tissue is removed and it bleeds so that a new healing process begins.

This treatment is accompanied by the prescription of painkillers and antibiotics to help the patient recover properly.

All this treatment can take an approximate time interval of two weeks. Therefore, much attention is required to oral hygiene and above all to the correct brushing during this period of time.

So if you think you are suffering from alveolitis, you should not hesitate to go to the dental office so that a specialist can make a correct diagnosis and treatment of it.

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