How to replant anthuriums: a practical guide to having healthy plants


How to replant anthuriums: a practical guide to having healthy plants, Most of the species cultivated for a long time in pots, present better development when replanted, renewing their vigor. With anthuriums it is no different. In general, replanting takes place every two years, with the aim of renewing the substrate, stimulating the development of new roots, improving drainage and offering the plant better conditions to develop and flower. In this article you will learn how to replant your anthurium and promote healthy growth.

Anthuriums enchant all generations

General care for anthuriums

Anthuriums, that is, species of the genus anthurium, from the Araceae family, are well known for their flowering and/or ornamental foliage and for their success indoors. They are a classic of landscaping, which fit perfectly in shady places, whether in the garden or indoors. They have this ability, as they are native to the tropical forests of South and Central America, where they grow mainly as epiphytes, protected by the dense canopy of trees.

Thus, they should be grown under filtered light or partial shade, as full sun will scorch their bright foliage. It likes a light substrate, rich in organic matter, slightly acidic and drainable, as well as regular watering, so that the substrate is moist, but never soggy. The goal should be to mimic that accumulation of dry twigs and decaying leaves that is just the kind of environment they have in forests.

With beautiful colored inflorescences, they draw attention because they are formed by a spathe (modified and colored leaf), and a spadix, which is that columnar, elongated portion, where the true, numerous and very small flowers are. The species anthuriums anthurium andraeanum, and its hybrids, are hugely successful for their inflorescences. However, lately we have seen many species desired for the appeal of their ornamental foliage, with jaw-dropping patterns and textures, such as the A. brownii, A. veitchii and A. warocqueanum for example. It’s the trend Urban Junglewhich values ​​different foliage and is perfectly suited to indoor cultivation, as long as a place with good natural lighting is provided.

In addition to the common anthuriums, we more often see species with different foliage.

As far as replanting is concerned, anthuriums need to be relocated every two to three years. Usually the need for replanting is informed by the roots that start to come out through the drainage holes in the pot.

When to replant anthurium?

As good gardeners, we must watch carefully so that it doesn’t take too long for replanting and our plants to suffer. A very common mistake people make is to replant right after purchase. But this is a bad time. Newly purchased plants may have gone through stressful moments when leaving the producer and even arriving at your home, such as lack of water and light, for example, in addition, it needs to adapt to the new environment. So creating one more reason to stress the plant is not a good idea. Even if the pot is tight, wait for it to adapt to the new location, show signs of growth and then replant.

Another tip is to never replant an anthurium that is in bloom. The flowering will be shortened and will wear out the plant that is putting all its energy into flowering (instead of rooting). If your anthurium is always in bloom, it is worth removing the flowers so that it focuses on rooting. The best time for replanting is early spring.

How to replant anthuriums

Observe the warning situations to put your hands in the soil and carry out the replanting of your anthurium:

  • Roots out of drainage holes: indicates that the plant continues to grow, but has no space for it;
  • Leaf spots: reveals that the plant is already old, susceptible to diseases and needs to be reinvigorated;
  • Very long stem: that hangs to the side and needs a new tutor;
  • Small leaves: due to nutritional depletion of the substrate;
  • Flowering impaired: if he is flowering little or not showing his beautiful inflorescence, he is saving his strength to survive in that vase.
  • Vase “bursting”: There is no more room for the roots, so the pot starts to warp or break. The substrate may start to lift as well.

Therefore, if your anthurium shows one of these signs and it has been at least a year since the last replanting, the time has come to change its pot, renew the substrate and take the opportunity to carry out a light organic fertilization.

How to replant anthuriums in 7 Steps:

    1. The first step in repotting your anthurium is choosing a new pot. Have common sense and consider your growth. Pots that are too big will delay the plant’s development, and pots that are too small will require repotting very soon. Ideally, it should be proportional to the size of the plant, so that the set is balanced. If it was tight in the old house, consider it to be at least 3cm longer on the sides. The pot can be plastic or ceramic, with plenty of drainage holes.

Choose a slightly larger pot to hold your anthurium.

    1. Then, cover the drainage holes with a paper coffee filter, which can be recycled from a brewed cup of coffee. In the past, several drainage layers were recommended, with blankets, sand and expanded clay, but which occupied the entire space of the vase, leaving little space for the substrate. Leave the layers for large pots, such as those with trees and shrubs.
    2. Choose a substrate suitable for anthuriums. There are currently ready-made mixtures suitable for these species. If not, use substrates for bromeliads and orchids, which are also epiphytes and have similar needs. The difference is that most anthuriums tolerate an amount of common earth in their substrates, while epiphytic orchids generally do not. Anthuriums like fibrous, light and well-draining substrates, so they can always have some moisture, but at least plenty of space for air to circulate in the roots and keep them healthy. So, you can also add a little (maximum ¼) of organic compost to your anthurium substrate. It will make your substrate yield and increase fertility.
    3. With the substrate ready to receive the anthurium, release it from the old pot. It is best to handle the plant before watering as its roots become more flexible and break less. Many roots can stick together and you may need to use a knife. Be careful to injure your plant minimally. Replanting itself is already a stressful event for the plant, which will need a recovery period.

How to replant anthuriums

You can take advantage of the replanting to make new seedlings.
  1. Now you have two options: separate seedlings or not. If the plant has healthy roots and you don’t want to reproduce your anthurium, gently clean some of the compacted soil off your plant with your fingers and a barbecue skewer. Then cover the bottom of the pot with some substrate, place your anthurium in the center, complete the sides with what is left of the substrate without compacting and water. Be gentle in handling.
    If your anthurium has an excessively long stem, you can cut it from the base to make it look better. Take the opportunity to make some seedlings by cuttings of the plant, reusing the cut part. If your anthurium has produced seedlings around the mother plant, take the opportunity to carefully separate them, always taking care that each part is complete, with stem, healthy roots and leaves. Apply cinnamon powder to cut wounds for quick healing.
  2. Arrange your anthurium in the center of the vase and accommodate the substrate gently, without squeezing, just ensuring that there are no empty spaces. If your anthurium is a climbing type, remember to place the support so it can climb.
  3. Finally, cover the substrate with pine bark. Remember to perform a generous first watering and take the opportunity to check the drainage operation. Place your anthurium exactly where it was previously.

Flowering and healthy anthuriums

Following these tips you will have strong anthuriums, with flowering that lasts up to 3 months and lush foliage. In addition to planting in pots, use your creativity for landscaping, forming beds in shady places, where other plants hardly thrive. But respect the conditions of the plant and always do a proper and gentle replanting.

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