Ten active volcanoes that, by force of nature, have brutally emerged in a show that terrifies, destroys and fascinates in equal measure.
Active volcanoes, Few natural elements are as threatening as volcanoes. Lethargic, they seem to be calm and live in perfect harmony with the human being , until the force of nature decides to brutally emerge from their entrails, in a show that terrifies, destroys and fascinates in equal parts. Not surprisingly, there are many destinations that exploit their volcanic activity as one of their tourist attractions (for example, Iceland or the Italian region of Sicily). Thanks to Civitatis , we visit the ten most active volcanoes on the globe…
1. Kīlauea, the most active volcanoes in Hawaii
Located in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Kīlauea has become one of the most active volcanoes in the world. With an altitude of 1,247 meters, this formation has erupted countless times since historical records began at the end of the 18th century.
The area is protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and, thanks to the relatively tame nature of Hawaii’s volcanoes, has become a major tourist attraction.
2. Etna, one of the most famous volcanoes in the world
1971, 1981, 1991, 2002, 2004, 2007, 2012, 2018, 2020, 2021… These are the dates of several of the most recent eruptions of Etna . Some of these episodes have been of a more violent nature, and others have been limited to the expulsion of gas clouds. One way or another, the truth is that eastern Sicily is home to one of the most active volcanoes in the world.
3. Nyiragongo, a huge volcano almost 3,500 meters high
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is also home to another of the world’s most active volcanoes. It has a height of 3,470 meters and is part of the Virunga National Park . This African formation stands out for its lava lake, a huge magmatic basin that is almost 230 meters in diameter.
Although the continuous wars in this area have made the work of volcanologists difficult, it is believed that its level of danger is growing and that it will reach its peak between 2024 and 2027.
4. Stromboli, pure spectacle for the senses
Stromboli is a small island of volcanic origin located in southern Italy. Here is an active volcano that has become a tourist attraction in the Tyrrhenian Sea. From nearby cities such as Lípari, Messina or Milazzo it is possible to take a boat to explore the waters of this island. The biggest surprise awaits at night, when you can see how the lava flows from the volcano down the slope known as Sciara del Fuoco.
5. Volcán de Fuego and its links with the Spanish conquest
One of the most active volcanoes in the world rises in the south of Guatemala. Its violent eruptions have been continuous and very notorious. In fact, according to some texts from the 16th century, it is believed that the Extremaduran conqueror Pedro de Alvarado came to see one of these eruptions around the year 1524 . According to historical records, this formation has erupted up to 20 times since this time.
6. Geldingardalur and Iceland’s ongoing volcanic activity
Iceland is one of the first countries that pops into the minds of many when thinking of volcanic lands. Who does not remember that eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in 2010? Its smoke and ash emissions caused the paralysis of airspace in much of northern Europe. But there are many other examples of aggressive eruptions.
The Geldingardalur valley stands out for its effusive character, but not very violent. In addition, it is a place of special interest for volcanology since its eruption, in 2021, was the first emission of magma in the Reykjanes Peninsula in almost 800 years. Possibly the beginning of a new era in this part of the country.
7. Mount Yasur, the most accessible active volcano in the world
Vanuatu, belonging to Oceania, is a country made up of numerous islands. I n Tanna is Mount Yasur, which has earned
the nickname of being the most accessible active volcano in the world. The reason? On the one hand, its size, since it is barely 361 meters high. On the other hand, the wide level of study on the area.
The local government has created a series of alarm levels to warn tourists when is the best time to visit
this volcano and safely watch the magma erupt from the interior of the earth.
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8. Cumbre Vieja Natural Park and the eruption of La Palma
The Canary Islands were formed millions of years ago due to different phenomena of volcanic origin,
with the eastern ones being the oldest and the western ones being the most recently created. For this reason,
La Palma and, specifically, the Cumbre Vieja Natural Park area, is one of the places with the greatest
volcanic activity in Spain.
The eruption that occurred these days occurred half a century after the eruption of Teneguía,
which also occurred in the Cumbre Vieja mountain range. This shows that the island of La Palma
is very much alive inside. The badlands (as solidified lava flows are known) that form these eruptions
are one of the most typical places in the archipelago.
9. Colima volcano, one of the most active volcanoes in Mexico
Mexico is also a land of volcanoes. The Colima volcano, which is close to 4,000 meters in altitude, is a clear example of this. In
addition to the expulsions of lava that have taken place in different recent times,
its continuous activity is perceived in its numerous emissions of columns of smoke and ashes. Along with Popocatépetl, it is listed as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in Latin
10. Sakurajima, a symbol of Japan active volcanoes
Sakurajima, located in front of the city of Kagoshima, is another of the most active volcanoes in the world. Not hundreds, but thousands of eruptions have taken place in this corner of Japan in recent decades. Although in the periods of greatest activity
the area is closed to tourists and locals to avoid incidents, during times of ‘volcanic tranquility’
it is possible to visit this place and enjoy its
As a curiosity, it should be said that until 1914, this volcano was on an isolated island. The eruption that took place this year caused these lands to join Kyushu creating the current Osumi Peninsula.